Why is cancer a public health priority?
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States (1) and therefore a focus of public health efforts. One defining feature of the public health approach to cancer control is its reliance on population data for planning and evaluating efforts aimed at preventing the health consequences of cancer.
Why is lung cancer a public health issue?
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death and the second most diagnosed cancer in both men and women in the United States. After increasing for decades, lung cancer rates are decreasing nationally, as fewer people smoke cigarettes.
Is cancer screening a public health issue?
Cancer screening has been a substantial recipient of health expenditure over recent years. Australia provides publicly funded population screening programs for breast, cervical and colorectal cancer (CRC).
How does cancer affect society?
Cancer and its treatment result in the loss of economic resources and opportunities for patients, families, employers, and society overall. These losses include financial loss, morbidity, reduced quality of life, and premature death.
How does public health prevent diseases?
Public health is the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities. This work is achieved by promoting healthy lifestyles, researching disease and injury prevention, and detecting, preventing and responding to infectious diseases.
What are the main causes of lung cancer?
Smoking tobacco is by far the leading cause of lung cancer. About 80% of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking, and many others are caused by exposure to secondhand smoke. Smoking is clearly the strongest risk factor for lung cancer, but it often interacts with other factors.
What are some preventions of lung cancer?
The most important thing you can do to prevent lung cancer is to not start smoking, or to quit if you smoke. Avoid secondhand smoke. Smoke from other people’s cigarettes, cigars, or pipes is called secondhand smoke. Make your home and car smoke-free.
Is cervical cancer a public health issue?
The World Health Organisation uses 16 essential services to assess the level and equity of health coverage in different countries and monitor progress towards UHC. Cervical cancer screening is one of four non-communicable diseases highlighted and the only cancer directly mentioned in the list.
How does screening improve health?
Screening can detect a problem early, before you have any symptoms. Finding out about a problem early can mean that treatment is more effective. Finding out you have a health problem or an increased chance of a health problem can help people make better informed decisions about their health.
Why is cervical cancer a problem?
This cancer can affect the deeper tissues of their cervix and may spread to other parts of their body (metastasize), often the lungs, liver, bladder, vagina, and rectum. Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by infection with human papillomavirus (HPV), which is preventable with a vaccine.