Does lycopene protect against cancer?
A natural pigment synthesized by plants and microorganisms, lycopene is used primarily as an antioxidant and also to prevent and treat cancer, heart disease, and macular degeneration. Lycopene is classified as a non-provitamin A carotenoid, other examples being lutein and zeaxanthin.
Is lycopene a carcinogen?
Lycopene from red fruits and vegetables has strong anticancer activity in gastric carcinogenesis. ROS have been implicated in the progression of several diseases including cancer.
Why is lycopene bad for you?
Possible Side Effects. When consumed in foods, lycopene is safe to eat for everyone. Eating excessive amounts of lycopene could lead to a condition called lycopenemia, which is an orange or red discoloration of the skin. The condition itself is harmless and goes away by eating a diet lower in lycopene.
Which foods contain lycopene?
Unlike most carotenoids, lycopene occurs in a few places in the diet. Besides tomatoes and tomato products, major sources of lycopene, other lycopene-rich foods include watermelon, pink grapefruit, pink guava, and papaya. Dried apricots and pureed rosehips contain relatively large amounts, too.
How long does lycopene stay in the body?
A half-life of about 2–3 days can be considered for it when consumed. There is no official recommended amount for the daily intake of lycopene (8,9). Tomatoes could provide almost 85% of the lycopene in the diet as well as watermelon, guava, pink grapefruit, and rosehip (10).
Is lycopene a blood thinner?
The researchers suggested that lycopene, in addition to its ability to attack free radicals, may also reduce inflammation and cholesterol, improve immune function, and prevent blood from clotting. All of these may help reduce ischemic strokes, which are caused by clot-caused blockages in blood flow to the brain.