Which woman is at greatest risk for ovarian cancer?
All women are at risk of developing ovarian cancer regardless of age; however ovarian cancer rates are highest in women aged 55-64 years. The median age at which women are diagnosed is 63, meaning that half of women are younger than 63 when diagnosed with ovarian cancer and half are older.
What is a risk factor for developing ovarian cancer?
One key risk factor is age. Most women who develop ovarian cancer are diagnosed after menopause, at age 55 or older, though patients in their 40s and 50s have also been diagnosed with the disease. If you have a strong family history of breast or ovarian cancer, you may also be at an increased risk.
Can you be genetically predisposed to cancer?
Inherited genetic mutations play a major role in about 5 to 10 percent of all cancers. Researchers have associated mutations in specific genes with more than 50 hereditary cancer syndromes, which are disorders that may predispose individuals to developing certain cancers.
Where does your back hurt with ovarian cancer?
Back pain – Many sufferers of ovarian cancer will experience excrutiating back pain. If the tumor spreads in the abdomen or pelvis, it can irritate tissue in the lower back.
What stage of ovarian cancer has reached the lymph nodes?
Stage IVB: Cancer has been found inside lymph nodes, as well as tissues and organs.
How do doctors screen for ovarian cancer?
The 2 tests used most often (in addition to a complete pelvic exam) to screen for ovarian cancer are transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) and the CA-125 blood test. TVUS (transvaginal ultrasound) is a test that uses sound waves to look at the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries by putting an ultrasound wand into the vagina.
How quickly does ovarian cancer spread?
Does ovarian cancer spread quickly? Ovarian cancer grows quickly and can progress from early stages to advanced within a year. With the most common form, malignant epithelial carcinoma, the cancer cells can grow out of control quickly and spread in weeks or months.
What is the most common presenting symptom of ovarian cancer?
The most common symptoms include: Bloating. Pelvic or abdominal (belly) pain. Trouble eating or feeling full quickly.
What organs are affected by ovarian cancer?
Although ovarian cancer can spread throughout the entire body, in most cases it stays in the abdomen and affects organs such as the intestines, liver and stomach.
What are the two most common chemotherapies to treat ovarian cancer?
Ovarian stromal tumors are not often treated with chemotherapy, but when they are, the combination of carboplatin plus paclitaxel or PEB (cisplatin/Platinol, etoposide, and bleomycin) is used most often.