What organ does testicular cancer affect?
Usually only one testicle is affected by testicular cancer, but in some cases, both are affected. About 90 to 95% of testicular cancers start in the cells that develop into sperm, which are known as germ cells. Anyone with a testicle can get testicular cancer.
What happens if you leave testicular cancer untreated?
If it is not detected and treated, testicular cancer eventually can spread to the lungs, brain, liver, and other parts of the body. Certain types of testicular cancer are more likely to spread than others. Sometimes the cancer will have already spread at the initial time of diagnosis.
Is testicular cancer something to worry about?
Men should see a doctor if they notice any of the following symptoms: A painless lump or swelling in a testicle. Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum. Any enlargement of a testicle or change in the way it feels.
What are 5 warning signs of testicular cancer?
Five Common Signs of Testicular Cancer
- A painless lump, swelling or enlargement of one or both testes.
- Pain or heaviness in the scrotum.
- A dull ache or pressure in the groin, abdomen or low back.
- A general feeling of malaise, including unexplained fatigue, fever, sweating, coughing, shortness of breath or mild chest pains.
Does testicular cancer spread quickly?
Seminomas tend to grow and spread more slowly than nonseminomas, which are more common, accounting for roughly 60 percent of all testicular cancers. How quickly a cancer spreads will vary from patient to patient.
Where is the first place testicular cancer spreads?
Therefore, testis cancer has a very predictable pattern of spread. The first place these cancers typically spread is to the lymph nodes around the kidneys, an area called the retroperitoneum.
How long can you have testicular cancer without knowing?
Very few men who have testicular cancer felt pain at first. Many men do not tell their health care provider about these signs. On average, men wait for about five months before saying anything. Since the tumor can spread during that time, it is vital to reach out to a urologist if you notice any of these signs.
Can you live a full life after testicular cancer?
The general 5-year survival rate for men with testicular cancer is 95%. This means that 95 men out of every 100 men diagnosed with testicular cancer will live at least 5 years after diagnosis. The survival rate is higher for people diagnosed with early-stage cancer and lower for those with later-stage cancer.
How do you know if testicular cancer has spread?
If testicular cancer has spread to other parts of your body, you may also experience other symptoms.
Symptoms of metastatic testicular cancer can include:
- a persistent cough.
- coughing or spitting up blood.
- shortness of breath.
- swelling and enlargement of male breasts.
- a lump or swelling in your neck.
- lower back pain.
Can testicular cancer be cured if it has spread?
If the cancer has spread, treatments like radiation or chemo may be used. The cancer will come back in about 15% to 20% of patients, most often as spread to lymph nodes, but if it does, radiation or chemo can still usually cure the cancer.