What is the main cause of vulvar cancer?
Being exposed to human papillomavirus (HPV).
HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that increases the risk of several cancers, including vulvar cancer and cervical cancer. Many young, sexually active people are exposed to HPV , but for most the infection goes away on its own.
How did your vulvar cancer start?
It starts when cells in the vulva grow out of control and crowd out normal cells. This makes it hard for the body to work the way it should. Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body. Cancer cells in the vulva can sometimes travel to the bladder and grow there.
What causes squamous cell vulvar cancer?
What causes vulvar cancer? About half the cases of vulvar squamous cell cancer are caused by human papillomavirus. The remaining half are related to a chronic skin condition called lichen sclerosus.
How quickly does vulvar cancer develop?
About 90 percent of all vulvar cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. It takes several years for noticeable symptoms to develop.
What are the warning signs of vulvar cancer?
Vulvar Cancer Symptoms
- Constant itching.
- Changes in the color and the way the vulva looks.
- Bleeding or discharge not related to menstruation.
- Severe burning, itching or pain.
- An open sore that lasts for more than a month.
- Skin of the vulva looks white and feels rough.
Do you feel sick with vulvar cancer?
Common side effects experienced after chemotherapy for vulvar cancer include feeling sick (nausea), tiredness (fatigue), and a reduced resistance to infections. Chemotherapy for vulvar cancer may also increase any skin soreness caused by radiation therapy.
What did your vulvar cancer look like?
An area on the vulva that looks different from normal – it could be lighter or darker than the normal skin around it, or look red or pink. A bump or lump, which could be red, pink, or white and could have a wart-like or raw surface or feel rough or thick. Thickening of the skin of the vulva.
What does vulvar cancer smell like?
A lump, nodule or wart-like growth on the vulva which you can feel by touching it. In the most advanced stages, foul-smelling vaginal discharge; blood-stained vaginal discharge between periods and abdominal pain.
Does vulvar cancer go away?
When vulvar cancer is found and treated early, the cure rate is more than 90%. The key to a cure is to tell your doctor about any warning signs early and to have a biopsy right away. After treatment, be sure to go to all follow-up appointments that your doctor recommends.
How long can you live with vulvar cancer?
Survival rates can give you an idea of what percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive a certain amount of time (usually 5 years) after they were diagnosed.
5-year relative survival rates for vulvar cancer.
|SEER Stage||5-Year Relative Survival Rate|
|All SEER stages combined||71%|
How do they remove vulvar cancer?
In a simple vulvectomy, the entire vulva is removed (the inner and outer labia; sometimes the clitoris, too) as well as tissue just under the skin. A partial or modified radical vulvectomy removes part of the vulva, including the deep tissue.