Who does bone cancer affect the most?
Osteosarcoma often occurs in the ends of the long bones of the arms and legs, where new tissue forms as young adults grow. It occurs most often in young people (ages 10 to 30), but can occur in older people.
How does bone cancer progress?
Bone metastasis occurs when cancer cells break away from the original tumor and spread to the bones, where they begin to multiply. Doctors aren’t sure what causes some cancers to spread. And it’s not clear why some cancers travel to the bones rather than to other common sites for metastasis, such as the liver.
What problems does bone cancer cause?
Bone pain. Swelling and tenderness near the affected area. Weakened bone, leading to fracture. Fatigue.
Is bone cancer a death sentence?
The 5-year survival rate of people with osteosarcoma is 60%. If the cancer is diagnosed at the localized stage, the 5-year survival rate is 74%. If the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 66%.
What does the beginning of bone cancer feel like?
Primary bone cancer initially begins with a tender feeling in the affected bone. In general, bone cancer can be characterized by bone pain, inflammation, stiffness, fractures, and limping.
What is the average life expectancy of someone with bone cancer?
The overall five-year survival rate for all bone cancers in adults and children is about 70%. Chondrosarcomas in adults have an overall five-year survival rate of about 80%. The five-year survival rate specifically for localized osteosarcomas is about 60%-80%.
Is cancer bone pain constant?
Pain in the area of the tumor is the most common sign of bone cancer. At first, the pain might not be there all the time. It may get worse at night or when the bone is used, such as when walking for a tumor in a leg bone. Over time, the pain can become more constant, and it might get worse with activity.
Does bone cancer progress quickly?
Bone metastasis often means cancer has progressed to an advanced stage that isn’t curable. But not all bone metastasis progresses rapidly. In some cases, it progresses more slowly and can be treated as a chronic condition that needs careful management.
Can bone cancer be cured completely?
Generally, bone cancer is much easier to cure in otherwise healthy people whose cancer hasn’t spread. Overall, around 6 in every 10 people with bone cancer will live for at least 5 years from the time of their diagnosis, and many of these may be cured completely.
Why is bone cancer pain worse at night?
During the night, there is a drop in the stress hormone cortisol which has an anti-inflammatory response. There is less inflammation, less healing, so the damage to bone due to the above conditions accelerates in the night, with pain as the side-effect.