What are the symptoms of nasopharyngeal cancer?
- Swelling of the neck.
- Persistent headaches.
- Nasal congestion (a blocked nose)
- Facial pain.
- Changes in hearing.
- Ringing in the ears.
- Many people have no symptoms.
Is nasopharyngeal carcinoma curable?
Many cancers of the nasopharynx can be cured, especially if they are found early. Descriptions of the common types of treatments used for NPC are listed below. Your care plan may also include treatment for symptoms and side effects, an important part of cancer care. The main treatment for NPC is radiation therapy.
What is the treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma?
The usual treatment is chemo, often with cisplatin and one other drug. If there’s no sign of the cancer after chemo, either radiation therapy to the nasopharynx and the lymph nodes in the neck or chemoradiation is given to try to kill any remaining cancer cells.
How long do you live with nasopharyngeal cancer?
They’re often curable if the cancer hasn’t spread beyond the head and neck region. Overall, about 50 out of every 100 people (50%) diagnosed with nasopharyngeal cancer will live for five years or more after diagnosis.
What is stage 4 nasopharyngeal carcinoma?
Stage IV nasopharyngeal cancer is divided into stages IVA and IVB. In stage IVA, (1) cancer has spread to the brain, the cranial nerves, the hypopharynx, the salivary gland in the front of the ear, the bone around the eye, and/or the soft tissues of the jaw.
How fast does nasopharyngeal cancer grow?
The current study showed that NPC has a propensity to grow superiorly to involve the skull base rather than laterally or anteriorly. Although the tumor growth rate was very variable, the median natural NPC growth rate was 1.63mm(3)/day.
Does nasopharyngeal cancer show up in blood work?
Blood tests are not used to diagnose NPC, but they may be done for other reasons, such as to help find out if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
How many chemo treatments are needed for nasopharyngeal?
You usually have 3 cycles of chemotherapy before starting chemoradiotherapy. You usually have up to 6 cycles of cisplatin and gemcitabine for nasopharyngeal cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
What is Stage 3 nasopharyngeal?
Stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer means one of the following: The cancer has spread to nearby bones and air cavities (sinuses). It might also have spread to lymph nodes on one or both sides of the neck, or behind the throat, but not anywhere else. The affected lymph nodes are not more than 6 cm across.
How does EBV cause nasopharyngeal carcinoma?
When a cell is infected with the virus, the viral DNA may mix with the normal human DNA. Then the EBV DNA may instruct the cells of the nasopharynx to divide and grow in an abnormal way. Still, EBV infection rarely leads to NPC, so other factors probably play a role in whether or not it causes cancer.